Osteoporosis is a disease of bone that occurs with a decrease in the density of bones resulting in soft bones that are prone to fracture easily. It occurs particularly when the body loses too much bone or makes too little of them. Osteoporosis literally means porous bone (that is a bone that is compressible.
It is often observed that 'thinning' of the bones or osteoporosis occurs and progresses with increasing age. Osteoporosis initiates when some imbalance occurs between bone formation and bone resorption which ultimately results in fall of bone density. New studies are promising on finding a cure for osteoporosis and understand the condition better.
Generally, osteoporosis is not recognized in early stages and a person may not know that he or she is suffering with the disease until he or she experiences something like a fracture after a minor incident. But there are some signs that maybe considered indicators of early bone loss.
Osteoporosis cannot be reversed completely but there are ways to manage the disease. A doctor will obtain information about your medical history, perform physical exams and diagnostic tests before he proceeds for the treatment. Treatment for osteoporosis typically involves medications to strengthen your bones and make certain lifestyle changes to prevent bone fractures.
Bone density test is also called bone densitometry, or dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). It is the only test that can diagnose osteoporosis before its symptoms begin to occur. The test uses X-rays to measure the density of the bones. A bone density test can tell about the bone density loss but lack information about its cause.
Calcium makes our bones strong. Bones and teeth contain 99% of the body's total calcium. A lack of sufficient amount of calcium in the body (hypocalcemia or calcium deficiency) can lead to weaker bones and cause osteoporosis. Particularly, during menopause, women should increase calcium intake to reduce the risk of osteoporosis.
Bones undergo two constant changes. New bones are made and old bones are broken down. Osteoporosis occurs on the onset of an imbalance between new bone formation and old bone damage. There are many factors that may cause osteoporosis such as discussed in this article. Age is the biggest cause of osteoporosis.
Each person has got a unique body structure. Height and the strength of the skeleton are determined by the genes of an individual. Lifestyle factors are the culprits that make our bone fragile and weak. And prevention of osteoporosis includes bringing some positive changes in the lifestyle. Read about the prevention measures for osteoporosis in the article.
Exercise is very important for every individual. However, every exercise is not for everyone. There is no single exercise plan that works best for everyone with osteoporosis. The routine should suit the body of the person. Low-impact weight bearing exercises help keep the bones strong. They are a safe alternative in case one cannot do high-impact exercises.
Non-surgical spinal decompression therapy is a type of motorized traction that can relieve pain the spine due to advanced osteoporosis diseases or other degenerative disease. The goal of spinal decompression is to change the force and position of the spine by stretching the spine gently.