Prostatitis is the inflammation or swelling of the prostate gland. Sometimes, it is very painful but often gets better overtime. The condition can occur in men of any age unlike many other conditions of prostate that generally happen in old age men. You should contact your doctor immediately if you notice the symptoms.
The prostate gland is a small chestnut-shaped organ located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. Prostatitis is swelling and inflammation of the prostate gland. The inflammation can be due to an infection or for other various reasons. Read about the prostate gland anatomy, function and location.
Prostatitis is often caused by bacteria. The infection generally starts when bacteria enter into your prostate from the urine. Sometimes, a damage of the nerve in the urinary tract by surgery or trauma might lead to prostatitis. Common risk factors are use of catheter, having had a surgery of prostate, and pelvic trauma.
Prostatitis is generally diagnosed by analyzing a urine sample examining your prostate gland. This examination involves a digital rectal examination to check for abnormalities of the gland. Your physician may also collect and test a sample of the prostatic fluid for lab testing of the sample. Additional tests may be recommended as needed by the doctor.
Prostatitis can be quite painful and troubling but can be treated. Common symptoms are pain or burning sensation when urinating, dribbling urination, cloudy urine, blood in the urine, painful ejaculation, pain or discomfort in the penis or testicles, abdominal pain, pain between scrotum and rectum region, etc.
Each type of prostatitis is treated differently. Chronic bacterial prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome stay for a long time even after initial treatments. The treatment vary from person-to-person based on the severity of symptoms. Each person responds differently to the treatment and sometimes doctor tries may try various treatments to check if symptoms are improving.