Browsing: Diabetes Mellitus

Welcome to disease section for diabetes mellitus


Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur in diabetics due to the presence of high blood sugar (glucose) levels. The exact cause behind diabetic neuropathy progression is still unknown. Prolonged high blood sugar levels seem to be one of the major causes. The nerve damage caused by diabetes often gets worse over time especially in people with chronic diabetes.

Peripheral neuropathy is the most common form of diabetic neuropathy that mostly affects the legs and feet first and then moves to the arms and hands. It progresses over many years and worsens over time. Diabetic neuropathy often presents symptoms like numbness, tingling or pain (diabetic nerve pain) in fingers, toes, hands, and feet.

Changes in kidney function and structure are found even at the beginning of diabetes mellitus. Studies performed over the last decade now help in the recognizing various stages of diabetic renal diseases and also in the development of renal changes that occur due to diabetes. Such a classification may be helpful for both clinical as well as research purposes.

Diabetic nephropathy is a serious kidney-related complication of diabetes, and is also called diabetic kidney disease. Almost 40 % of people with diabetes ultimately develop kidney disease. Diabetic nephropathy interferes with the ability of kidneys to do their usual work of removing waste products and extra fluids from the body.

Diabetes-associated kidney diseases are not uncommon for diabetic people. It is found that an early diagnosis of diabetic nephropathy can help in stopping diabetic kidney disease and the associated damage. However, if the disease persists for a long time, its reversal is not possible. Diabetic kidney disease or diabetic nephropathy happens when the blood vessels and other cells present in the kidneys get damaged due to diabetes.

Diabetic nephropathy is one of the common complications of diabetes. Management of diabetes can help in preventing diabetic nephropathy (DN) and avoid other complications. Your diet plays an important role in the overall management of diabetes and prevention of associated complications such as diabetic nephropathy.

Diabetes is a serious disease. Treatment needs monitoring your blood sugar (glucose) levels. Eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy body weight and engaging in regular physical activity are important for managing the diabetes. Oral diabetes drugs are usually used only after lifestyle changes have been unsuccessful in lowering your glucose levels.